I’ve read a lot of books and bios from early Vaudeville days on through to Sammy Davis Jr, Eubie Blake, and others –
Seems the only places Jim Crow laws didn’t apply for Blacks were in show business, yet only while they were performing. Once off stage they were reduced back to being treated like any other Black anywhere/everywhere in the Deep South.
Such white entertainers as Al Jolson, Frank Sinatra, Jack Benny, Woody Guthrie and more stood up for equal rights for everyone - White, Black, Oriental, etc. - who dared to push their limited mindsets and racial injustices onto other human beings.
Of course as those who know US history, such things transferred over to the military and into sports as well. However, say what you will about a certain liberalism in show business, sports, et al – Still it was good clear-headed thinking people who helped abolish slavery during the Civil war; and it was their descendants who helped abolish unequal and unfair treatments of slave descendants virtually 100 hundred years later!
Quite remarkable achievements for a relatively young country on the world stage, but more so a powerful testament to its people, both sung and unsung heroes/heroines, who did their parts and left their marks to use their gifts and talents to make the human condition itself better overall for everyone everywhere!
Just my few thoughts on it anyways…
Peace & SPD Out!!